Toronto Ward Boundary Review – Background Research Report

As a result of significant growth in the City of Toronto over the past several years there are some wards that have considerably higher populations, and some lower, than the average ward population. This means that the equity of representative democracy across wards has been compromised. The Toronto Ward Boundary Review is looking at the size and shape of Toronto’s wards in order to address this inequity and ensure that all Toronto residents are fairly represented at City Council. This report was developed to provide the Toronto Ward Boundary Review consultant team, as well as the general public and city staff and council, with information that will help the team to make informed decisions and recommendations about changes to Toronto’s ward boundaries.



Research Report


December 2014


City of Toronto

Consultant Team:

Canadian Urban Institute
Beate Bowron Etcetera
The Davidson Group
Thomas Osler